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The best way to Migrate Magento 1 to Magento 2 With out Downtime

Migrating from Magento 1 to Magento 2 might sound daunting, but it surely’s definitely worth the funding as a result of Magento 2 offers higher efficiency, scalability, and safety than Magento 1.

It additionally affords cutting-edge performance that helps you future-proof your on-line enterprise.

And though migrating to Magento 2 requires some effort, the reality is that you may migrate easily with minimal downtime. All you want is the best Magento migration technique.

Need assistance determining the place to begin?

Learn the remainder of our information to study why you need to migrate to Magento 2 and the steps you must observe emigrate efficiently.

Why migrate from Magento 1 to Magento 2?

Migrating from Magento 1 to Magento helps you to:

  1. Entry the most recent efficiency and safety updates.
  2. Simplify promoting on-line with the most recent ecommerce options.
  3. Future-proof your on-line enterprise.

Let’s discover every of these advantages in additional element.

Entry the most recent efficiency and safety updates

Supply: International ecommerce fee fraud losses 2023 | Statista

Knowledge from Statista reveals that ecommerce losses attributable to on-line fee frauds greater than doubled from $20 billion in 2021 to $41 billion in 2022. If you migrate to Magento 2, you don’t want to fret about fee fraud.

Magento 2 takes a multi-pronged method to on-line retailer safety and protects your clients from fee frauds with safety features like:

  1. Superior Encryption Customary (AES-256) encryption keys to guard delicate information.
  2. Customized admin URLs to limit admin entry.
  3. Two-factor authentication (2FA) to forestall unauthorized logins.
  4. CAPTCHA to cease bots from creating buyer accounts.
  5. Strict content material safety insurance policies to forestall card skimming and clickjacking assaults.

Adobe additionally affords safety patches, so you’ll be able to selectively set up time-sensitive safety fixes throughout high-demand gross sales intervals.

Moreover safety, Magento 2 additionally affords built-in assist for Varnish caching and makes use of a horizontally-scaling Entity-Attribute-Worth database mannequin that makes it customizable with out compromising efficiency.

The bottomline is that migrating to Magento 2 is the easiest way to get the most recent efficiency and safety features to your on-line retailer.

Simplify promoting on-line with the most recent ecommerce options

Magento 2 affords a streamlined checkout course of to attenuate cart abandonment and simplifies routine duties like including merchandise.

Its product creation workflow helps you to create configurable merchandise with 1000’s of variations in minutes.

Adobe even changed the default WYSIWYG editor with their Web page Builder software in Magento variations 2.4.3 and above, so you’ll be able to create and edit content material with out code. You should use it to design full-page layouts for CMS pages and even customise merchandise and class pages.

Magento 2 additionally makes it straightforward to enhance search engine marketing with schema markups, sitemaps, and customizable metadata. And in contrast to ecommerce platforms like Shopify, Magento lets you customise your website URL construction and even create URL rewrites from the admin.

Future-proof your on-line enterprise

Magento 1 has an outdated software program infrastructure.

In distinction, Magento 2 is designed with the long run in thoughts. Its modular structure makes use of trendy applied sciences to assist your enterprise develop and adapt to altering purchaser wants.

However it’s not nearly scalability. Magento 2 even affords a free mobile-friendly theme and empowers you to construct Progressive Internet Functions (PWAs) with its set of free developer instruments known as the PWA Studio mission.

Furthermore, Magento 2 has a strong API constructed into its core that allows you to remodel your Magento 2 retailer right into a headless web site and combine it with a number of enterprise programs.

Put merely, Magento is the right resolution for companies that promote throughout a number of channels.

The best way to migrate to Magento 2 (step-by-step)

You possibly can migrate from Magento 1 to Magento 2 in 3 ways:

  1. Utilizing the official Knowledge Migration Software.
  2. With the help of a Magento developer or company.
  3. Utilizing an automatic information migration software like LitExtension.

Observe these steps emigrate to Magento 2 with Adobe’s Knowledge Migration Software.

Word: Until specified in any other case, you should run all instructions from the Magento mission root listing because the Magento filesystem proprietor.

1. Select a Magento 2 internet hosting supplier

Step one in migrating from Magento 1 to Magento 2 is selecting a internet hosting supplier to your new retailer, particularly in the event you’re utilizing the open-source model. Magento 2 has a singular set of software program necessities and dependencies in comparison with Magento 1.

Adobe offers an in depth record of all of the software program dependencies for Magento 2 on the official documentation web page. Nevertheless, protecting monitor of these dependencies could be tough if you’re busy operating an internet enterprise.

Managed internet hosting suppliers supply a better technique to host Magento 2. You get entry to safe internet hosting environments and on-demand assist if you want it.

2. Set up Magento 2 in your server

Putting in Magento 2 needs to be pretty straightforward in the event you’re utilizing a managed service. In the event you’re internet hosting your Magento 2 retailer with a self-managed internet hosting supplier, you’ll be able to observe these steps to put in Magento 2:

  1. Set up Linux, Apache/Nginx, MySQL, and PHP.
  2. Create a person and database for Magento 2.
  3. Set up and configure PHP-FPM.
  4. Create a separate person for the Magento file system.
  5. Allow SMTP on the server for 2FA.
  6. Set up a suitable Composer model.
  7. Set up an SSL certificates.
  8. Set up and configure Elasticsearch.
  9. Set up Magento 2 by way of the CLI.
  10. Confirm the set up.

After that, log in to the admin panel and discover the brand new interface. It might sound drastically completely different at first, however you’ll respect its simplicity when you study your approach round it.

3. Migrate themes and extensions to Magento 2

Subsequent, it’s time to recreate your retailer performance on Magento 2. Evaluation the extensions and {custom} code in your retailer, record all the pieces you need to migrate to your new retailer, and search for their Magento 2 alternate options.

A Magento migration can also be a wonderful alternative to refresh your on-line retailer branding. Evaluation your retailer design and decide if you wish to enhance it. You should use Magento’s default Luma theme or set up a {custom} Magento 2 theme for a singular procuring expertise.

The Magento Market is a good place to seek out themes and extensions. You too can contact your theme or extension developer straight in the event you can’t discover a Magento 2 model of their product.

4. Set up and configure the Knowledge Migration Software

Subsequent, set up the Knowledge Migration Software in your Magento 2 server by operating the next command:

$ composer require magento/data-migration-tool:<Magento-version>

Be sure to substitute the <Magento-version> placeholder with the model of your codebase. For instance:

$ composer require magento/data-migration-tool:2.4.5

After that, you must configure the Knowledge Migration Software emigrate your Magento 1 retailer by making a {custom} Magento 2 module within the app/code listing.

The Knowledge Migration Software accommodates a number of directories with configuration recordsdata for various variations of Magento 1.

Navigate to the Magento 2 mission listing and create two extra directories for the configuration file inside your {custom} module utilizing the next:

$ mkdir -p app/code/Vendor/Migration/and so on/opensource-to-opensource/

Then copy the config.xml.dist file from the listing matching the model of your Magento 1 retailer into your {custom} module.

For instance, in the event you’re migrating from Magento to Magento 2, use the next instructions:

$ mkdir -p app/code/Vendor/Migration/and so on/opensource-to-opensource/

$ cp vendor/magento/data-migration-tool/and so on/opensource-to-opensource/ app/code/Vendor/Migration/and so on/opensource-to-opensource/

Lastly, edit the configuration file and add the next particulars:

  • Magento 1 and Magento 2 database entry particulars within the <supply> and <vacation spot> tags.
  • The Magento 1 encryption key from the app/and so on/native.xml file of your Magento 1 retailer within the <choices><crypt_key> tag.

That completes the fundamental configuration of the Knowledge Migration Software. You possibly can check with Adobe’s information for superior configuration duties.

5. Backup your Magento 1 retailer

The Knowledge Migration Software modifies the Magento 1 database if you begin the migration. It creates new database tables to trace and migrate variations between the supply and vacation spot databases throughout the closing step of the migration course of.

Due to this fact, we suggest making a backup of your Magento retailer earlier than you start the migration course of.

Making a backup earlier than initiating the migration allows you to roll again your retailer and database to the pre-migration state if issues go mistaken.

In case your internet hosting supplier doesn’t supply on-demand backups or server snapshots, you should utilize a third-party backup software like Veeam.

6. Migrate and confirm your retailer information

Create a staging copy of your Magento 1 website and disable all cron jobs to forestall database updates throughout the migration course of. Then log in to your Magento 2 server and start the migration.

The Knowledge Migration Software runs in three sequential modes:

  • Settings: Emigrate system and web site settings.
  • Knowledge: To map and migrate database entities.
  • Delta: Emigrate incremental modifications.

Begin by migrating settings with the next command:

$ bin/magento migrate:settings --reset <path-to-config.xml-in-your-custom-module>

The settings migration ought to full in a couple of minutes. After that, migrate information utilizing the next command:

$ bin/magento migrate:information --reset <path-to-config.xml-in-your-custom-module>

The info migration step might proceed for a number of hours, relying on the dimensions of your retailer and the information being transferred. In case you see any errors throughout the course of, you’ll be able to check with Adobe’s information migration information for extra data.

Confirm all the pieces works correctly after migrating your retailer information. Take a look at all extensions totally and guarantee all URLs and product information have migrated appropriately.

Moreover, be sure you arrange 301 redirects in the event you’ve modified your website URL construction to attenuate any affect in your retailer’s search engine marketing. You too can use instruments like Semrush and Lumar to crawl your web site and optimize your retailer search engine marketing information earlier than and after the migration.

7. Migrate incremental retailer information to Magento 2

The delta migration is the ultimate step within the Magento 1 to Magento 2 migration course of. On this step, you’ll migrate new retailer information like orders, clients, and product critiques out of your reside retailer.

Log in to your Magento server and run the next command to provoke the delta migration:

$ bin/magento migrate:delta --reset <path to config.xml>

Do not forget that Magento will solely switch information generated by its core modules. In the event you’re utilizing {custom} code or extensions that add their very own database tables, you must add them to a deltalog.xml file and replace the config.xml file individually.

You possibly can check with Adobe’s information mapping information for extra data.

8. Level your area to your new retailer

You’re on the house stretch now. It’s time to replace your DNS settings and level your area to your Magento 2 retailer.

First, put your Magento 1 retailer in upkeep mode. Then swap to your Magento 2 server and cease the incremental updates by urgent “Ctrl + C” within the migration software command window.

Begin your Magento 2 cron jobs, refresh indexers, and clear the cache utilizing the next instructions:

$ bin/magento cron:set up --force

$ bin/magento indexer:reindex

$ bin/magento cache:clear

After that, replace your DNS settings to level your area title to the brand new server and replace your Magento 2 retailer base URL utilizing the next command:

$ bin/magento config:set internet/unsecure/base_url http://instance.com/

That’s it. You’ve efficiently migrated from Magento 1 to Magento 2.

Get assist with migrating to Magento 2

Migrating from Magento 1 to Magento 2 is the easiest way to future-proof your on-line enterprise as a result of it offers you entry to Adobe’s newest efficiency, safety, and have updates.

Be sure to plan forward, migrate throughout low-traffic hours, and choose a dependable internet hosting supplier that helps you leverage the advantages of Magento 2.

Managed Magento internet hosting with Nexcess offers you entry to totally optimized Magento 2 servers with nightly backups, on-demand improvement websites, and 24/7/365 assist. We provide a safe internet hosting surroundings so you’ll be able to migrate to Magento 2 with minimal downtime.

Join a plan to get began right this moment.

This weblog was initially printed in December 2020. It has since been up to date for accuracy and comprehensiveness.